Workshop on Nanomaterials
Nanotechnology is design, fabrication and application of nanostructures or nanoparticles, and the fundamental understanding of the relationships between physical properties or phenomena and material dimensions. Nanotechnology is a new field or a new scientific domain, dealing with materials or structures in nanometer scales, typically ranging from sub-nanometers to several hundred nanometers. Nanotechnology also promises the possibility of giving non-conventional properties. Yet another very important aspect of nanotechnology is the miniaturization of current and new instruments, sensors and machines that will greatly impact the world we live in. Examples of possible miniaturization are: biosensors that warn us at the early stage of the onset of disease and preferably at the molecular level and target specific drugs that automatically attack the diseased cells on site, nanorobots that can repair internal damage and remove chemical toxins in human bodies, and nanoscaled electronics that constantly monitor our local environment. Synthesis and processing of nanostructures and nanoparticles are the essential aspect of nanotechnology. Studies on new physical properties and applications of nanostructures and nanoparticles are possible only when these materials are made available with desired size, morphology, crystal structure and chemical composition. The research on nanotechnology is evolving and expanding very rapidly. This workshop will focus primarily on synthesis of inorganic materials. The aim is to summarize the fundamentals and established techniques of synthesis and processing of inorganic nanostructures and nanoparticles so as to provide the audience with a systematic and coherent picture about synthesis and processing of nanomaterials. In addition, a small part of the talk will be devoted to characterization, properties and applications of nanomaterials and nanostructures. This presentation would serve as a general introduction to people just entering the field, and also for experts seeking for information in other subfields.