Science melas in connection with national science campaign

Imaging Electron Wavefunctions: Now an Experimental Reality

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
03 March 2000
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Arshad Bhatti
Department of Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore

Quantum Computing

An Introductory Approach
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
27 January 2000
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Muhammad Sabieh Anwar

Physics and Applications of Modern Quantum Semiconductor Structures

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
24 January 2000
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Arshad Bhatti
Department of Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore

Remote Method Invocation (RMI)

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
22 December 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Rizwan Ahmed
Rumi Cluster Team Members
Speaker
Bilal Farooq
Rumi Cluster Team Members

Nanotechnology

Prospects and Challenges
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
10 December 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Nanotechnology, the ability to work at the atomic and molecular level, atom by atom to create materials and structures with new capabilities that will fundamentally change electronics, computers, medicine, biotechnology, and many other industries. The current research in this area is meant to explore the science of nanostructures and new materials, to develop the enabling technology for producing new classes of electronic and biological devices, and to educate the scientists and engineers who will carry this vision forward. This talk is about the prospects of Nanotechnology and the challenges in this emerging field. It is targeted to undergraduate students in Physics, Chemistry, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. The complexity of the topic was minimal with elementary level. It would span discussion on Carbon Nanotubes, Molecular Electronics, Nano-Electromechanical Systems, Ultrathin (1.7-7nm) oxides and nitrided oxides for CMOS applications and Noise Spectroscopy.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Hasan Raza
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University WL, USA

Telecommunications

A Growing Pakistani Industry
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
16 October 1999
Venue: 
New Lecture Theater, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Jamshed Anwer
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore

Information Integration Agents

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
13 October 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

With the vast and expanding amount of interconnected information resources available today, the problem of how to pool them to obtain useful information is becoming more and more critical. Information gathering agents are computer systems that given a high level information request by a user use search, inference and knowledge to determine how to satisfy the request. Speaker presents an information gethering agent architecture called SIMS developed at the Information Sciences Institute (http://www.isi.edu) that uses the LOOMS knowledge representation scheme to build models of a number of distributed, autonomous, and heterogeneous information resources (such as data, databases and webpages). It treats a high level user request as a planning goal and uses artificial intelligence planning techniques along with some manually encoded heuristics to compute a good quality query-plan that can be efficiently executed to retrieve and integrate information from a number of diverse sources. I will also present the work that I have done to automatically learn the heuristics that can be used by the SIMS planner to efficiently compute high quality query resolution.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Muhammad Afzal Upal
Dalhousie University, Canada

Human Genome

Achievements and Prospects
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
27 September 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Genome - the complete set of genetic information - determines the nature, form and activities of a living organism. Human genome, present in 23 pairs of chromosomes, consists of 3.2 billion pairs of A,T,C & G repeated over and over again in varying order. Announcement of double helical structure of DNA in 1953, cloning of first gene in 1973 and completion of the human genome sequence in June 2000 are the most outstanding landmarks of all life sciences. A race between the Human Genome Project (HGP), a publicaly funded consortium, and Celera Genomics, a private company, led to completion of human genome sequence much earlier than initially planned. Celera Genomics using a so-called shot gun sequencing strategy coupled with high speed computers using novel software went ahead of the HGP. In spite of the entire sequence known, the complete understanding of chemical structure of all the genes and how they work are decades away. Computer analysis shall be instrumental in locating all the genes within the 23 chromosomes in the human genome, which may turn out to be first step in solving all the mysteries. It will be possible to detect the genetic disorders at an early stage and to design gene therapy procedures accordingly. Pharmaceutical companies are working to create drugs tailored to a patient's genetic profile, boosting effectiveness and drastically reducing side-effects. Current developments have led to new social, philosophical and ethical issues which shall need to be tackled wisely.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Muhammad Waheed Akhtar,
Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore

Life: A Product of History

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
24 September 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Humans are endeavoring to know nature since their origin with the development of structurally complex, conscious mind and later with the development of tools. The tools enable us to explore the depth, in atom, on the one side and the vastness, of universe, on the other extreme. In earth's history, polymerization of simpler organic compounds had formed macromolecules that developed the ability to reproduce its own kind by consuming raw material from the surroundings. Later the demarcation of the replicating matter with the emergence of membrane system permitted to discriminate in various chemicals to let pass or not pass though it. This further led to emergence of electrical and chemical messaging systems. These steps gradually originated life on planet earth. The development in the forms of matter, in time scale, indicates that the key to the changes in the form of matter is the adaptations it acquires to sustain it in the ever-changing surroundings (environment). The process of adaptations in the historical time factor is referred to as evolutionary development in matter. As life developed to more complicated forms, the ability to adapt is enhanced. This has resulted in emergence of a huge variety of the life forms in different environments. The above argument illustrates that sustainability (health) of a form can be understood on the basis of its structure and the performance by the structure for its keep up. The failure in functional capacity, undoubtedly, is due to a change in structural set up and this is referred as failure of sustainability (disease). In the organization of life, from atoms to molecules to macromolecules, to biomolecules, to cell organelles to cells to tissues to organs to an organism and ultimately to community, molecular understanding carries importance in health and disease. In recent times, it has been understood that life actually adjusts its sustainability or failure of the adaptations to survive at its basic organization level i.e. the molecular level. Therefore Human Genome Project, as we understand at present, has far more implication for medicine and biology. The molecular elucidation of basic language, on the basis of structural composition, of life and its expression enables us to provide technological support in sustainability of life. It has been well established, now, that in order to understand health and disease it is necessary to keep in view the molecular basis of the organization of life and its ability/failure to adapt in the changing conditions. The examples of sickle cell genes with resistance to malaria; bone formation diseases related with collagen; respiratory distress syndrome; arteriosclerosis resulting in coronary artery diseases; hirsutism i.e. masculinization in females; obesity etc. may be explained in the above context. It is also an essential attribute of knowledge to secure life in rapidly changing conditions on planet earth due to massive social production activity and to introduce is successfully on other celestial bodies.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. M.A. Cheema
Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore

Workshop on Mathematical Computing using Matlab

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
17 September 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Edge Systems Private Limited, Lahore
Resource People: 
Instructor
Muhammad Omar Akram
Mobilink
Instructor
Muhammad Sabieh Anwar
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore