Science melas in connection with national science campaign

Science and the Muslim Civilization

Sponsors & Collaborators: 

Engro Chemicals Pakistan and individual sponsorships.

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
04 November 2007
Time: 
3 pm
Venue: 
Aiwan-e-Iqbal Complex, off Egerton Road, Lahore
Abstract: 

Islam and the Transformation of Greek Science
(Dr. George A. Saliba)

This illustrated talk examines the often repeated characterization of the role of Islamic science as preserving the Greek scientific legacy. It will demonstrate with concrete examples the extent to which Greek science had to be transformed in order to respond to ritual and cultural requirements of Islam, thus critiquing that science and eventually replacing it with a science that was more scientifically consistent. It was this transformed Islamic science that inspired later on the Renaissance scientists.


Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance
(Dr. George A. Saliba)

This illustrated talk will examine the scientific ideas that were first developed in the Islamic world, especially those dealing with planetary theories, and later used in the Latin sources that were produced during the European Renaissance, and in particular in the works of Copernicus. All the evidence for these ideas comes from pages of original Arabic and Latin manuscripts.


Double Incoherence and Double Jeopardy:
Retelling the Story of Attitudes to Science in Islamic Societies

(Dr. Syed Nomanul Haq) 

Living as we do in the twilight of the Enlightenment, a simple ready-made myth about the career of science in Islamic societies still lurks about. This myth has two pseudo-historical elements that fit nicely into a comforting ideological framework. These two elements can be described as reductionism and double-marginalism. The first has it that any achievement made by scientists in the classical Islamic world is reducible to a linear growth of Greek science; the second that those who engaged in genuine science in the Islamic culture were marginal to their society’s mainstream, and that science itself is marginal to Islam. It is an inevitable expression of this alien nature of science in relation to the Arabo-Islamic milieu, so the pseudo-history announces, that Ghazali wrote his Incoherence of the Philophers, an attack that was refuted by Ibn Rushd’s Incoherence of the Incoherence: but Ibn Rushd was fighting a losing battle, and science came to a grinding halt after Ghazali in the early 12th century. My lecture promises to revisit this story and to demonstrate (1) that it is historically absurd and that (2) it stands on the ideological ground that science—that rational, naturalistic study of nature which is doing wonders for us—is essentially a Western phenomenon.


With Friends Like These Who Needs Enemies:
The Irrationality of Supporting Science by Attacking Religion

(Dr. Basit B. Koshul)

A number of recently published books claiming to support and defend science in the face of mounting threats from the dark forces of religion have made it to different best-selling lists. Almost invariably their support and defense of science is premised on (or requires) an attack on religion. The line of reasoning adopted in these books is based on the claim that science equals rationality and religion equals irrationality. Looking at this argument from the perspective of Max Weber's study of the historical development of rationality it is clear that this argument is held together by an insidious sleight of hand—changing the definition of "rationality" in the middle of the argument and then changing it again just before the conclusion. Weber's thoroughly researched findings at the beginning of the 20th century shed light on the current discussion in two ways: a) his research lays bare the intellectual chicanery of those whose support of science necessitates an attack on religion, b) his insights demonstrate that this irrational and unethical attack on religion is actually a frontal assault on the integrity of science. In short, Weber's work helps us to see that science has very little to fear from (some of) its enemies in comparison to threat that it faces from (many of) its friends.

Resource People: 
Keynote speaker
Professor Dr. George Saliba
Professor of Arabic and Islamic Science, Department of Middle East and Asian Languages and Cultures Columbia University, New York, United States.
Speaker
Professor Dr. Noman-ul-Haque
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, LUMS, Lahore.
Speaker
Professor Dr. Basit Bilal Koshul
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, LUMS, Lahore.
Session Chair
Dr. Khalid Hameed Sheikh
WWF, Pakistan
Speaker
Suheyl Umer
Director, Iqbal Academy Pakistan
Moderator
Dr. Sabieh Anwar
Joint Secretary, Khwarizmi Science Society
Qari
Hafiz Ahmad Hashmi
Quran Academy

National Workshop on Crystal Structure Determination Using Powder X-ray Diffraction

Registration: 
Registration is required.
Date: 
15 August 2007
Time: 
09:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Powder X-Ray Diffraction is now a common technique used in the structure determination of different crystals. Read this Article on the Workshop on structure determination using powder X-ray diffraction.

 

Resource People: 
Presenter
Dr. Falak Sher
Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Allied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad
Presenter
Dr. N.M. Butt
Chairman Pakistan Science Foundation, Islamabad
Presenter
Dr. Umair Manzoor
Department of Physics, COMSATS, Islamabad
Presenter
Dr. Saadat Anwar Siddiqi
Centre for Solid State Physics, Punjab University, Lahore
Presenter
Dr. Arshad S. Bhatti
Department of Physics, COMSATS, Islamabad
Presenter
Dr. Sabieh Anwar
School of Science and Engineering, LUMS, Lahore
Presenter
Dr . Menges Goetz
Bruker-AXS, Germany

From Galileo to Darwin

A Story of Science-Religion Interactions
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
14 July 2007
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Aiwan-e-Iqbal, Egerton Road, Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Salman Hameed
Assistant professor of Integrated Science & Humanities at Hampshire College, Massachussetts, USA

Magnetic Resonance

From Brain Tissue to Chloroform Computers
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
09 May 2007
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a technique that exploits the spin of certain nuclei to obtain a tell-tale signatures of the molecule. This technique finds immense use in diagnostic imaging of human tissue. We will explore the origins of the NMR effect. In addition to its medical uses, we will also address other novel and esoteric applications, such as quantum computing, low-field NMR, explosives detection, polymer and foodstuff characterization, single-cell and nanoparticle MRI.

Resource People: 
Presenter
Dr. Sabieh Anwar
LUMS School of Science and Engineering, LUMS, Lahore

Development of Science and its Impact on Society

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
22 December 2006
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Science is not only provides a base for modern technology but it is also a part of human culture. It enriches the human civilization because of its intrinsic value. There is another aspect of culture which is concerned with cultural traits of society and its social evolution. Science has made tremendous contributions in the social evolution of humankind. In my talk, I want to explore this relationship between evolution of science and social evolution. After briefly discussing the contributions of Greeks to human civilization, passing through the era of contributions of Muslims; I come to 17th Century in which the foundations of modern science were laid. After discussing the two conceptual revolutions associated with the names of Maxwell and Darwin in the 19th Century, we come to 20th century; a century which has witnessed the best of science with two conceptual revolutions via special and general theories relativity and quantum mechanics, and discovery of structure of DNA. These discoveries laid a foundation of modern technology.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Fayyazuddin
Professor, National Centre for Physics, Islamabad

DENGUE FEVER

A possible threat to our lives?
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
30 November 2006
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

The Asian Tiger mosquito is generally associated with the spread of dengue fever; biting around the ankles and knees close to the ground in the daytime, rarely at night. Any source of stagnant water such as in the automobile tires, open containers, trash cans, holes in the tree trunks, broken vases, which gather rainwater, are an excellent breeding place for the tiger mosquito. The situation in Pakistan has deteriorated over the past years; solid steps are needed to bring hygiene conditions an integral part of our life styles. Vectors are breeding every where and so are the microorganisms. The entire picture is ultimately leading to the worst imaginable situation, where this year dengue, and in the years to come other dipterous related diseases will be there to welcome us. There is a dire need to make short and long term planning by including our environment as the major concerns of the future issues. Our research team, at the Department of Agro-entomology, has initiated work in this direction and we will be developing strategies to forecast the out breaks of mosquitoes and onset of disease. These steps will help in better management of mosquitoes through the development of potent plant extracts.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Waseem Akram
Department of Agro-entomology, Agriculture University, Faisalabad
Supplementary Documents: 

Carbon-Based Nanotechnology

Indigenous Research in Pakistan
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
22 May 2006
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Faisal Library, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Abstract: 

Nanotechnology research in Pakistan dates back to late 1990's and at the moment it is one of the hottest research topic in the country. A number of research groups in private and government sector holds promise to bring this futuristic but practical technology to Pakistan. Carbon based Nanotechnology research was initiated in PINSTECH in 1998 by accidental observation of carbon clusters in locally developed heavy ion accelerator. The research was accelerated in 2003 with the funding of Ministry of Science and Technology to make Pakistan's first research laboratory dedicated for carbon based nano-science and technology. In this introductory talk I will give a glimpse of indigenous research we are doing in PINSTECH that includes both experimental and computational areas. The aim of this talk is to prove that Pakistan is not so backward in this high-tech area and we would like to invite and promote youngsters to step into this new but developing area.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Sabih-ud-Din Khan
Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Sciences and Technology, Islamabad
Supplementary Documents: 

Nanoengineering and Fabrication of Intelligent Devices that can Shape the Future

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
21 May 2006
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Faisal Library, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Abstract: 

This talk will be focused on some of the scientific themes and applications in which electron energies reached for device or process operation are above that of the surrounding lattice or environment. Within the scope of the topic I will attempt to describe the vision of the global nanoscience community which is to 'exploit science in the nano-scale to inspire intelligent devices that can shape the future'. Freeman Dyson once said; "Technology is a gift of God. After the gift of life it is perhaps the greatest of God's gifts. It is the mother of civilizations, of arts and of sciences." With this in mind, I will also talk about what we can do to help take our ideas in the exploitation of knowledge to build good technologies for the future. Examples associated with the scale up of plasma technologies for the growth of carbon nanotube systems, use of organic nanocomposites for the production of solar cells and the novel processing routes of materials for display products and next generation transistors will be utilized. Novel Processes such as Ion beam lithography, Focused ion beams, Smart cut and Dual platform systems are versatile tools for nanoengineering and nanoscience applications and can be used to rapidly prototype and modify a diverse range of nano-devices and sensors. I will discuss the use of these systems for nanoengineeing and fabrication using examples from research.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Ahmed Shuja
Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad

Nanostructures and their Applications

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
19 May 2006
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Faisal Library, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Abstract: 

The talk will be based on synthesis and applications of nanostructures in various areas like energy, photonics, and biology. With the tools available to fabricate devices from top down approach, it is utmost desire to develop techniques, which mimic nature, i.e., assemble atoms and molecules in a manner that these can be used for applications. A lot of effort is being carried out to control the growth of matter at nanoscale. The talk will cover fundamentals of self-assembly and then use of nanostructures/nanoparticles in a variety of devices.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Arshad Saleem Bhatti
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Search for Life in the Universe

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
18 May 2006
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Resource People: 
Presenter
Dr. Salman Hameed
Assistant Professor of Integrated Sciences and Humanities, Hampshire College, MA, USA