Here is a full length of conversation between Dr. Sabieh Anwar of Khwarizmi Science Society and Dr. Barry Sanders, iCORE Chair of Quantum Information Science and Director at the Institute for Quantum Information Science, at the University of Calgary,Canada. Prof. Sanders also holds a QianRenB Chair at the Microscale at the University of Science and Technology China.
When it comes to generating a visual representation of important socio-economic parameters for rural Pakistan, such as poverty, literacy, crime or access to internet, the picture is rather blank. Datasets exist in disparate jurisdictions, scattered across many departments, and are often in registers and lists that do not contain geo-coordinates. This state of affairs discourages evidence-based policy interventions, and severely limits the effectiveness of expensive GIS projects undertaken by many organizations.
In this talk, I will explain why relevant socio-economic datasets, such as the population census, have not been mapped properly even years after of their generation. Then it will explain how this bottleneck may be removed, by identifying the spatial references contained in those datasets, and building their integrated maps. In this respect, it will also cover the importance of a “mauza” (revenue estate) for rural mapping, and then provide an overview of our recent pilot project to demonstrate a cost-effective and scalable methodology to build a mauza map for District Jhelum. Our methodology consisted of stitching together thousands of pieces of British era village maps, and then registering them with satellite imagery for geo-referencing. Finally, talk will show the utility of this mauza map in generating spatial visualizations of important socio-economic parameters for the district.
For over forty years, computation has centered about machines, not people. We have catered to expensive computers, pampering them in air-conditioned rooms or carrying them around with us. They have required us to interact with them on their terms, speaking their languages and manipulating their keyboards or mice. They have not been aware of our needs, location or preferences. Purporting to serve us, they have actually forced us to serve them. In Project Oxygen, we strive for a world in which computation will be human centered. It will be freely available everywhere, like batteries and power sockets, or oxygen in the air we breathe. It will enter the human world, handling our goals and needs and helping us to do more while doing less. We will not need to carry our own devices around with us. Instead, configurable generic devices, either handheld or embedded in the environment, will bring computation to us, whenever we need it and wherever we might be. As we interact with these “anonymous” devices, they will adopt our information personalities. They will respect our desires for privacy and security. We won’t have to type, click, or learn new computer jargon. Instead, we’ll communicate naturally, using speech and gestures that describe our intent and leave it to the computer to carry out our will.
The assumption that all engineering system modeling can be reduced to exact set of differential equations has been challenged by research that recognizes that process modeling and control can never be exact for real processes. There is a necessity for advanced control techniques that can
- Manage Uncertain Environment
- Incorporate techniques for learning uncertain information
Over the last few years the application of Artificial Intelligence techniques has become a major research topic in process control. AI techniques allow obtaining efficient controllers that utilize human experience in more related form than mathematical approach. Fuzzy Logic (FL) is the main topic of this new field known as Expert Control. It provides an effective framework for dealing with uncertain and vague environment. It uses Fuzzy Logic Controllers (FLCs) to implement an operator approximate reasoning process in the selection of control process. According to a survey 6 of every 10 Americans use a device that employ FLC in some form. In Japan, Fuzzy Logic has been used to control under ground railway systems. FLC are also being used extensively in consumer electronics like Air conditioners, Microwave ovens, Cameras etc.
System Design is the art and science of putting together the resources available into a harmonious whole. System Design follows some techniques that can perform a trade off between the performance metrics and resource constraints. The objective of the activity is to learn some of these techniques with respect to system design of computer networks. The study will revolve around the following major topics:
- Common resources & their metrics
- Major Design Techniques
- Pipelining & Parallelism
- Exploiting Locality
- Binding & Indirection
- Soft State
- Exchanging State Explicitly
- Separating Data & Control
The lecture is designed for the students of first term of second year electrical engineering students. The emphasis will be on simple and easy to use data structures rather than complex databases. The following items will be covered in the lecture.
- Basic concept of a data structure
- Basic types of data structures and the difference between them: List, singly and doubly connected
- Complete design and analysis
- Sorting and other operations on List
- Implementation of famous Stack and Queue using the List
- static data structures and their applications
- Java's vector class
- Implementation of Stack and Queue data structure using the Vector class.