For over forty years, computation has centered about machines, not people. We have catered to expensive computers, pampering them in air-conditioned rooms or carrying them around with us. They have required us to interact with them on their terms, speaking their languages and manipulating their keyboards or mice. They have not been aware of our needs, location or preferences. Purporting to serve us, they have actually forced us to serve them. In Project Oxygen, we strive for a world in which computation will be human centered. It will be freely available everywhere, like batteries and power sockets, or oxygen in the air we breathe. It will enter the human world, handling our goals and needs and helping us to do more while doing less. We will not need to carry our own devices around with us. Instead, configurable generic devices, either handheld or embedded in the environment, will bring computation to us, whenever we need it and wherever we might be. As we interact with these “anonymous” devices, they will adopt our information personalities. They will respect our desires for privacy and security. We won’t have to type, click, or learn new computer jargon. Instead, we’ll communicate naturally, using speech and gestures that describe our intent and leave it to the computer to carry out our will.
Mr. Zaidi will be talking about the basics of System On Chip(SOC), Embedded Systems Technology and its Applications. Later he would talk about his company namely PalmChip, USA and finally the prospects of Pakistani youth in this emerging field.
Dr. Nawaz will be talking about GIS its definition, components, functions and how GIS works and related technologies. Farah Nawaz will talk about the applications of the GIS.
This seminar will introduce the basics of nanotechnology. Alongwith the fundamentals, it will overview current research trends and the underlying problems in nanotechnology. Focus will be on ceramic nano-particles, such as their synthesis routes (including thermal hydrolysis, hydrothermal processes and solid state reaction). Some applications of nano-ceramics will also be mentioned.
Quantum mechanics has changed the way we interact with nature. It has also shaped our understandings of our conception of information. In this talk, I shall highlight the differences between classical and quantum information processing. I shall explore some counter-intuitive phenomena like entanglement, superposition and entanglement. I shall also explain how simple quantum algorithms work and can be phycially implemented using optical systems.
The merger of life-science and engineering, specially at the micro and nanoscale, can bring about some very exciting and practical possibilities for the development of "integrated systems". Micro and nanoscale engineering can be used to solve important problems in life-sciences such as detection of biological organisms, while concepts from life sciences such as bio-inspired assembly can be used to meet significant engine manufacturing. Future integrated systems will utilize nano-scale phenomena,and micro-scale components used to interface the nano-scale components to the macro-world. This talk will present the interdisciplinary work in progress in our group in the development of these integrated systems, for example; detection of microorganisms and the determination of their viability within micro-scale bio-chips and bio-reactors, fabrication of ultra thin silicon cantilevers for high sensitivity detection of molecular byproducts of cells, integrated silicon nano-wire chemical sensors, and exploration of DNA and protein based assembly of micro and nano-particles and silicon devices.
UAV's, as the name suggests, are flying vehicles without an onboard human personnel, they are either remote controlled or onboard computer guided. These are one of the most advanced weapons being used during many modern wars and peacekeeping missions. They belong to the category of unconventional warfare. By effectively employing them one may achieve strategic victory without putting human lives to risk, so they may be regarded as peaceful weapons. It is one of the areas of active research in our country which include both the equipment development as well as the software development. In the equipment development they are usually made from Aramid and Carbon fiber based epoxy matrix composites and in software development they employ high end Artificial Intelligence, Neural Networks, Image Processing, etc. So both fields require highly qualified experts. In this small session we will attempt to shed some light on the basic aspects of this smart weapon and will try to study some of the models currently developed and used in the defense industry internationally.