seminar

Genetic Therapy

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
15 May 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Advent of Recombinant DNA Technology has made it possible to detect defective genes and replace them with "good" genes. Consequently the genetic diseases, which result on mutations can now be cured. The first successful gene therapy experient was done on a 9 year old Indian girl Ashanti in 1990 in USA, who was suffering from a fatal immunological disease - SCID, which is caused by a mutation in ADA gene. The scientists introduced the the "good" copy of the gene in her body and were successful in curing her of this fatal disease. This encouraged other researchers and now several methods are being tried to cure genetic diseases. The 21st Century is the era of Gene therapy and keeping in view tremendous advancements made in the Recombinant DNA technology, it is expected that cure for several genetic defects would be available within the next decade.

Some Expert Comments:

  • The detection of defective genes and their replacement works quite well in vitro, but not in-vivo.
  • There are no cures to genetic disorders based on mutations. I assure you this is incorrect; there has not been a single case of gene therapy curing a genetic disorder. Efforts to transduce normal copies of genes into patients with genetic disorders have been successful to varying degrees, but no cures yet.
  • In Ashanta's story, there was no cure - simply incorrect. It was nonetheless a hallmark in biomedical research; it hinted at the promise gene therapy held.
  • As far as the claim that genetic therapy may cure several disorders in the next decade, only time will tell. I would not venture to be so prophetic. A few years ago Harold Varmus, then director of the National Institutes of Health, assembled a panel of experts to assess the status of the field of gene therapy. You see, for quite some time many in the field had been feeling that gene therapy was being pushed to the patient's bed prematurely. The panel's conclusion was right on the mark: the field needs much more research at the fundamental levels, such as development of safe, efficient, and specific gene delivery vectors.
Resource People: 
Presenter
Dr. A.R. Shakoori
Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore

Beowulf

Architecture and Applications
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
07 May 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Jawad Mahmood
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore

An Introduction to Beowulf Class Cluster Computing

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
05 May 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
New Lecture Theater, University of Engineering and Technilogy (UET), Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Jawad Mahmood
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore

An Introduction to Parallel Computing

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
21 February 1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore

Deterministic Chaos

An Introduction
Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
05/01/1999
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Metallurgical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Abstract: 

Introduction to Chaos: This introduction is a very elementary introduction to the science of chaos and gives a comprehensive, non-mathematical overview of the subject. This is an excellent starting point for the understanding of the principles of dynamical, deterministic, unpredictable systems. (Dr. Tariq Abdullah). Alse See; http://www.khwarzimic.org/activities/chaos-det.html Chaos, Complexity and Fractals: some Applications of Non-Linear Science to Technology: Presentation | Muhammad Abubakr | 27 Sep 1999 | Centre for Solid State Physics. Science of Chaos: Video Presentation | Dr. Tariq Abdullah, our expert on chaos was there to field the questions from the viewers | 13 Oct 1999 | Children Library Complex, Lahore. This wide-screen presentation was primarily meant as a stimulant and interest-arouser. The duration of the movie was approximately 50 minutes. The fascination lay in a live display of many chaotic ensembles and interviews with the pioneers such as Mandelbrot, Lorenz, Bradley, Feiganbaum etc.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Tariq Abdullah
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore

Active Materials and Molecular Technology

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
12 December 1998
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Old Mechanical Engineering Department Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Sabih-ud-Din Khan
Metallurgical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore

High Performance Logic Technology Development in the post-ULSI Era

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
24 November 1998
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Centre for Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore
Abstract: 

Integrated circuit industry has demonstrated phenomenal growth in transistor density and performance during the last three decades. Ever since the introduction of 1st SRAM, DRAM and microprocessor products (all fabricated by Intel Corporation ~1970), the number of transistors have roughly doubled every 2 years and microprocessor clock frequency has increased from less than 5 MHz to over 500 MHz. Moreover, this has been achieved by keeping the overall system power dissipation at acceptably low levels. These improvements have primarily been driven by improvements in process and device technology with feature size reducing to <0.25um (1/400th of thickness of human hair) on memory and microprocessor products currently available in the market. This talk will be divided into two parts. The first section will present the results from Intel's next generation microprocessor process technology generation. This technology demonstrates the highest transistor performance (i.e. highest drive current for a given off-state leakage) reported to date in literature. Moreover, this high performance has been demonstrated at ultra-low energies, with energy-delay product appreciably below the published industry trends. An SRAM product with more than 100 million transistors has been developed as a yield learning vehicle with frequency exceeding 1GHz. The 2nd part of the talk will focus on describing key bottlenecks which could limit further technology scaling during the next two decades. Alternate material options, which could delay the onset of some of the limitations, will be presented.

Resource People: 
Speaker
Dr. Tahir Ghani
Intel Research Team, Intel Corporation

MCSE: Myth and Reality

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
12 November 1998
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Awais Ahmed Kang
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore

The Unexplored Frontiers of Astronomy

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
03 November 1998
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
New Lecture Theater, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Muhammad Umar Khan
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore

Discover your Psychic Powers

Registration: 
Open to all.
Date: 
22 May 1998
Time: 
11:00 am
Venue: 
New Lecture Theater, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore
Resource People: 
Speaker
Aalaoon Mahmood Sheikh
Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore